new austrian tunneling method

New Austrian Tunneling Method (NATM)

New Austrian Tunneling Method (NATM) The New Austrian Tunneling method (NATM) was developed between 1957 and 1965 in Austria. It was given its name in Salzburg in 1962 to distinguish it from old Austrian tunnelling approach.

Get a Price

New Austrian tunnelling method - Wikipedia

The New Austrian tunneling method (NATM), also known as sequential excavation method (SEM), is a method of modern tunnel design and construction. This technique first gained attention in the 1960s based on the work of Ladislaus von Rabcewicz, Leopold Müller, and Franz Pacher between 1957 and 1965 in Austria.

Get a Price